Glossary of Health Care and Medical Terms

In many cases,
You can click on the healthcare related term below to get a more in-depth description of that glossary term. On the extended definition page, you will be shown the longer description, plus a list of articles related to that term or topic.


National Association of Healthcare Access Management

National Alliance for Health Information Technology; "The Alliance" (Ceasing operation on 9/30/09). NAHIT made distinctions among electronic medical records (EMR), electronic health records (EHR), and personal health records (PHR.

National Association of State Chief Information Officers

National Health Information Network (NHIN) is envisioned to be a collection of standards, protocols, legal agreements, specifications, and services that enables the secure exchange of health information over the Internet.
Also see: NHIN

National Information Exchange Model (NIEM): A model for exchanging information between different, even incompatible computer systems, through which they communicate using a common definition and structure for key data elements, such as name and date of birth.

Also see: NPPES

Also see: NPI

National Cancer Institute

The National Center for Primary Care (NCPC) is a non-profit entity established by theMorehouse School of Medicine in Atlanta, GA. NCPC was awarded the HITECH Act grant money and serves as the Georgia Health Information Technology Regional Extension Center (GA-HITREC)
Also see: GA-HITREC, REC

National Council for Prescription Drug Programs. HIPAA Regulations require electronic health, administrative and financial data to be transmitted in the ANSI X12 and NCPDP formats

The HIPAA Electronic Transaction Standards Final Rule adopted a new standard for Medicaid subrogation for pharmacy claims known as NCPDP 3.0. Before this rule was adopted, no standard existed that allowed State Medicaid agencies to recoup funds for payments made for pharmacy services for Medicaid recipients when a third party payer had primary financial responsibility.
Also see: NCPDP

the National Council for Prescription Drug Programs [NCPDP] Version 5.1 for pharmacy transactions) used in EDI transactions lack certain functionality required by the health care industry. Therefore, it is necessary for providers to prepare for new standards in order to continue submitting claims electronically. January 2012 the standard changes from NCPDP 5.1 to NCPDP D.0.
Also see: NCPDP 3.0

National Center for Quality Assurance (NCQA)

National Conference of State Legislatures (NCSL)

National Committee on Vital and Health Statistics (NCVHS) - Public advisory body to the Secretary of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

National Electronic Disease Surveillance System (NEDSS) - CDC initiative to advance the development of efficient, integrated, and interoperable surveillance systems at federal, state, and local levels

National eHealth Collaborative (NeHC)

There are two major divisions of the nervous system: The central nervous system (CNS) consisting of the brain and spinal cord, and the peripheral nervous system (PNS) which is outside the brain and spinal cord.

The New England Journal of Medicine provides research and other key information to keep practicing physicians informed on developments that are important to their patients and keeps them connected to both clinical science and best practices for health care providers

National Governors Association (NGA)

NHIN Health Information Exchange (NHIN)
Also see: HIE

National Health Information Infrastructure (NHIE) - ASPE initiative to improve the effectiveness, efficiency, and overall quality of health and health care through a comprehensive network of interoperable systems of clinical, public health, and personal health information. (Now incorporated into ONCHIT)

Nationwide Health Information Network (NHIN): A network that would link disparate health care information systems together to allow patients, physicians, hospitals, public health agencies and other authorized users across the nation to share clinical information in real-time under stringent security, privacy and other protections. Described in the Framework for Strategic Action: "The Decade of Health Information Technology: Delivering Consumer-centric and Information-rich Health Care." As used by Connecting for Health, "(t)he NHIN is the sum of all SNOs. It is a network of networks whose participants agree to the Common Framework
Also see: National Health Information Network

The NHIN gateway will initially connect health care providers at the Defense Department, Veterans Affairs Department, Indian Health Service and Social Security Administration. They will be able to exchange information about their patients and deliver electronic medical records (EMRs) to SSA for disability determinations. Second phase it will be expanded to the public domain. The gateway will reuse technology developed for the National Cancer Institute and the Bidirectional Health Information Exchange and now used by the Military Health System and Veterans Health Administration to exchange medical records.
Also see: CONNECT

National Health Information Technology (NHIT) Collaborative for the Underserved has a goal eliminate health disparities and attainm optimal health through the effective use of health information technology (HIT).

National Hispanic Medical Association (NHMA)

The National Healthcare Safety Network (NHSN) is a secure, internet-based surveillance system that integrates patient and healthcare personnel safety surveillance systems managed by the Division of Healthcare Quality Promotion (DHQP) at CDC. One of The purposes of NHSN is to collect data from a sample of healthcare facilities in the United States to permit valid estimation of the magnitude of adverse events among patients and healthcare personnel.

National Institutes of Healt (NIH), U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)

National Library of Medicine (NLM)

Natural Language Processing (NLP)

Process of removing redundancies and anomalies in database design.

Nurse Practitioner

The National Provider Identifier (NPI) is a unique 10-digit identification number issued to health care providers in the United States by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS). The NPI satisfies the Administrative Simplification provisions of the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA).

National Plan and Provider Enumeration System (NPPES) was developed by The Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) to assign these unique identifiers to providers. Assignment of NPI numbers is a HIPPA provision.

A Notice of Proposed Rule-Making (NPRM) is a public notice issued by law when one of the independent agencies of the United States government wishes to add, remove, or change a rule or regulation.


National Quality Forum (NQF). The NQF endorsed national quality measures include safety (e.g., patient falls) and infection control (e.g., central line catheter-associated infection). Meaningful Use Clinical Quality Measures (CQM) include NQF codes.
Also see: CQM


AHRQ's National Resource Center (NRC)
Also see: HITRC

The National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP) oversees the systematic collection, analysis and feedback of risk-adjusted surgical data to accomplish improved patient outcomes.

National Uniform Billing Committee (NUBC) of th AMA.

National Uniform Claim Committee (NUCC).

For HITECH Act meaningful use reporting, the numerator is generally the number of unique patients that meet the meaningful use measure criteria in the denominator.

G8553 is required for the MIPPA Medicare eRx incentive program

See Health informatics
Also see: Biomedical Informatics, Health Informatics, Healthcare Informatics, Medical Informatics

National Voluntary Hospital Reporting Initiative (NVHRI). NVHRI like Leapfrog Group deals with hospital quality. NVHRI includes the American Hospital Association, the
Association of American Medical Colleges, the Federation of American Hospitals, and
now many supporting organizations and 90 percent participation among the 3,000
hospitals. CMS made NVHRI mandatory.

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