Glossary of Health Care and Medical Terms

In many cases,
You can click on the healthcare related term below to get a more in-depth description of that glossary term. On the extended definition page, you will be shown the longer description, plus a list of articles related to that term or topic.



Hospital-acquired condition
Also see: Iatrogenic Diseases

Health Architect's Forum

Healthcare Billing and Management Association

Hospital Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems (HCAHPS)

HCFA is the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) Health Care Financing Administration which oversees Evaluation and Management (E&M) coding rules for documentation.

HCFA, an agency of the U.S. Department of Health & Human Services (HHS) that administers Medicare, the federal part of Medicaid and oversees Medicare's health financing
Also see: CMS

The Health Care Common Procedure Coding System (HCPCS) is a code set established and maintained by the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS), primarily to represent items and supplies and non physician services not covered by the American Medical Association (AMA) CPT-4 codes.
Also see: CPT, CPT-4, CPT Codes

The Health Care and Education Reconciliation Act of 2010 (H.R. 4872) amended the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA).

Health Care News is information for and about physicians and other health care providers.

Health Care Providers are physicians, medical doctors, clinicians, hospitals and everyone who provides medical care in an inpatient or ambulatory care setting.

The Health Care Reform Act or Health Care Reform Bill is officially called Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA).
Also see: Health Care Reform Bill, Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, ACA, Affordable Care Act

Health Care Reform Bill of 2010. See Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA)
Also see: Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, PPACA

Health informatics (also called health care informatics, healthcare informatics, medical informatics, nursing informatics, or biomedical informatics) deals with the resources, devices, and methods required to optimize the acquisition, storage, retrieval, and use of information in health and biomedicine.
Also see: Biomedical Informatics, Healthcare Informatics, Medical Informatics, Nursing Informatics

Health Information Exchange (HIE) is the process of sharing patient-level electronic health information, such as lab results, or medication lists, between different organizations, such as hospitals, or physician offices, or pharmacies. Use of the HL7 standard enables the exchange of health data.

The Health Information Technology Extension Program, authorized by the HITECH Act, consists of Health Information Technology Regional Extension Centers (RECs) and a national Health Information Technology Research Center (HITRC).
Also see: HITRC , REC

Health Information Technology for Economic and Clinical Health Act (HITECH Act)
Also see: HITECH Act

Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996. See HIPAA.
Also see: HIPAA

Health Maintenance Organization (HMO) - An entity that provides, offers or arranges for coverage of designated health services needed by plan members for a fixed, prepaid premium.
Also see: HMO

See Health informatics
Also see: Biomedical Informatics, Health Informatics, Medical Informatics, Nursing Informatics

ypass surgery is used to treat heart disease when your coronary arteries are blocked. It is one of the most commonly performed surgeries in the United States. Bypass surgery can be a type of open heart surgery. But heart bypass surgery is not always performed in an open heart manner.
Also see: Open Heart Surgery, Bypass Surgery

Heart Disease or Cardiovascular Disease refers to diseases and irregularities of the heart, the heart valves and / or blood vessel disease.
Also see: Cardiovascular Disease

The Healthcare Effectiveness Data and Information Set (HEDIS) is a tool used by more than 90 percent of America's health plans to measure performance on important dimensions of care and service. Alternately, the Healthplan Employer Data and Information Set

The Human Genome Project (HGP)
Also see: Human Genome Project

The U.S. Department of Health & Human Services. The HITECH Act requires medical providers to send medical info to HHS.

Health Information. Defined as information relative to the past, present, or future physical or mental health or condition of an individual that is created or received by a health care provider, health plan, public health authority, employer, life insurer, school or university, or health care clearinghouse

High Income Countries is a statistical grouping used by World Health Organizations (WHO)


Health Information Exchange (HIE)
Also see: Health Information Exchange

Health Information Management

Healthcare Information Management Systems Society

HIMSS Analytics collects and analyzes healthcare data relating to IT processes and environments, products, IS department composition, costs and management metrics, healthcare trends and purchasing decisions. Database was originally derived from the Dorenfest IHDS+ Database

Health Information Organization

Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996. Healthcare organizations were required to follow the privacy rule by 2003. The Health Reform act 2010 added fines and penalties for non-compliance. The Administrative Simplification provisions of the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA) mandated the adoption of standard unique identifiers for health care providers and health plans. See NPI and NPPES. The purpose of the administrative provisions is to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of the electronic transmission of health information. HIPPA is also known as the Kennedy Kassebaum Act, K2, and is officially known as Public Law 104-191
Also see: Health Insurance Portability and accountability Act

HIPAA 5010 is the latest version of proposed HIPAA’s transaction standards from the ASC X12 standards development organization. All physicians, other health care professionals, payers, and clearinghouses that submit HIPAA transactions will be required to use only the 5010 transactions as of the January 2012 deadline. This includes physicians who electronically submit administrative transactions, such as checking a patient’s eligibility, filing a claim, or receiving a remittance advice, either directly to a health insurance payer or through a clearinghouse.

The Administrative Simplification Compliance Act of 2001 (ASCA) required the use of electronic claims for providers to receive Medicare reimbursement. The current version of the standard current is Version 5010

HIPAA 835 Transaction is the edi standard transaction for Health Care Claim Payment /Electronic Remittance Advice (ERA)
Also see: HIPAA Transaction 835

HIPAA transaction 835 or HIPAA X12N 835 is the standard EDI transaction for Health Care Claim Payment Electronic Remittance Advice (ERA) transmissions to providers.
Also see: ERA , 835 Transaction, HIPAA 835

The Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act–Administration Simplification (HIPAA–AS) requires covered entities to comply with the electronic data interchange standards for health care as established by the Secretary of Health and Human Services.

Health Information Policy Council (HIPC)

Healthcare Informatics Standards Board

Health Information Sharing Environment

Health Information Security and Privacy

Health Information Technology

The Health Information Technology for Economic and Clinical Health / HITECH Act. a sub provision of ARRA, the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act mandates electronic health record adoption by 2014.

Health Information Technology Policy Council

Health Information Technology Resource Center also known as the AHRQ National Resource Center for Health Information Technology (the National Resource Center), U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. HITRC is part of the Health Information Technology Extension Program authorized by the HITECH Act. HITRC will gather information on effective practices and help the RECs work with one another and with relevant stakeholders to identify and share best practices in EHR adoption, meaningful use, and provider support. RECs providing outreach and education and technical asistance.
Also see: AHRQ National Resource Center for Health Information Technology, Health Information Technology Extension Program

Health Information Technology Standards Panel


Health Level Seven (HL7) is the interoperability standard that allows electronic health record data to be shared and exchanged between health care providers. Sharing medical records is a requirement to qualify for the HITECH Act meaningful use EHR incentive program. It is the basis for Health Information Exchange (HIE)

See Health Maintenance Organization (HMO)
Also see: Health Maintenance Organization

Horizontal integration: Connecting different programs that serve a common or overlapping population

A professional is a hospital-based provider / physician if 90% or more of his or her services are performed in a hospital inpatient or emergency room setting. These providers are not eligible for HITECH incentive payments from CMS.
Also see: Hospitalist

A physician who practices most ofhis or her time in hospitals and specializes in medical care to hospitalized patients. Hospital-based providers are not eligible for CMS incentive payments.
Also see: Hospital-Based Providers

History of Present Illness

Health Professional Shortage Areas (HPSAs) are designated by Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA) as having shortages of primary medical care, dental or mental health providers. HPSA providers can get a 10% increase on their Medicare electronic health record incentive payment. To find HPSAs, click

Health Resources and Services Administration

HPSA Surgical Incentive Payment (HSIP) program is a Medicare incentive payment program for major surgical procedures provided by general surgeons in Health Professional Shortage Areas (HPSAs). HSIP applies an additional 10 percent of the payment for physicians

Health Information Service Provider

The Human Genome Project (HGP) is an international scientific research project with goals to understand DNA and the genetic makeup of the human species and genetic underpinnings of disease.
Also see: HGP

Hypertension is the term used to describe high blood pressure.
Also see: Blood Pressure

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